by Phil Mayo
Over three years ago I wrote in my book: Daniel’s Seal Broken, an interpretation of the Dan 7:6 Leopard with four heads, and four wings of a fowl. I interpreted It to mean four edifices of the European Union. I stand by this interpretation. But I recently realised that in keeping with the rule that biblical prophecy always uses heads and horns to metaphorically represent kings or rulers, I had to go back and see if they were there.
A quick search of the internet revealed they were!
President of the European Union (or President of Europe) does not exist. Nevertheless the term is often misused to mean any of:
- President of the European Council (since 1 December 2014, Donald Tusk)
- President of the European Commission (since 1 November 2014, Jean-Claude Juncker)
- President of the European Parliament (since 1 July 2014, Martin Schulz)
- Presidency of the Council of the European Union (since 1 January 2016, The Netherlands)
The following is an extract from my book:
After this I looked, and saw another, like a leopard, that had on its back four wings of a fowl. This beast also had four heads, and dominion was given to it. [Dan 7:6]
Both Germany and France are depicted here by the heraldic leopard of its aristocracy. You will find the leopard on most of their coats of arms. The hilt of German soldiers dress swords had a casting of a leopard’s head. There is a German battle tank called a leopard. Germany took on the mantle of the Holy Roman Empire in 1512AD when it was re-named The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. This may be what is meant by “dominion was given to it”.
In colloquial speech, the word fowl is often used synonymously with poultry. The wings of a fowl represent France. The national symbol of France is a Gallic Rooster (Cockerel). French and German leadership joined forces under the Élysée Treaty (also known as The Treaty of Friendship) that was signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer in 1963. Since then, French and German heads of state have kept a strong relationship, considered by many to be the driving force behind the creation of the European Union and the Union for the Mediterranean.
The four heads and four wings represent their leadership in the creation of four floors of the European Union edifice. Customs union. Goal achieved. Common market. Goal achieved. Monetary union. Goal achieved. Political & Fiscal union. Work in progress.
1. The customs union is the stage of integration, were the member states agreed a treaty, to refrain from imposing any customs duties charge or quantitative restrictions on each other, and adopt an external common customs tariff when trading with countries outside the Union. This eliminated customs controls at internal borders.
2. The fundamental objective of the Treaty of Rome was the creation of a single economic area based on a common market. However, Article number two of that treaty set out its objectives as follows: “The Community shall have as its task, by establishing a common market and progressively approximating the economic policies of member states, to promote throughout the Community a harmonious development of economic activities, a continuous and balanced expansion, an increase in stability, an accelerated raising of the standard of living and closer relations between the States belonging to it”. It is obvious from this statement that the common market was not an end in itself, rather an agency by which to achieve economic and political goals.
3. The Treaty of Rome didn’t provide for monetary union. At the time of drafting the EEC treaty an international monetary organisation already existed in the form of the Bretton Woods system. It was at the time when Bretton Woods collapsed in 1971 that the EEC began their effort to create an economic and monetary union. That effort has so far created a single currency area within its international boundaries.
4. An attempt to achieve political union was made in 2004, in the form of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, (TCE) commonly referred to as the European Constitution. It was an attempt to create a consolidated constitution for the EU that would replace existing treaties with a single text. It would also expand Qualified Majority Voting to include policy areas that had previously required unanimity among member states. The Treaty was rejected by French and Dutch referendums in May and June 2005.
Following a period of reflection, the Treaty of Lisbon was created, setting aside certain secondary or emblematic elements that bothered Eurosceptics. The title of ‘Constitution’ that for some concealed the transformation of the Union into a Super-state was dropped, as were references to symbols of unification, such as the flag and anthem. The European Constitution had been too large a pill to swallow in one go, so they went back to the little by little tactic.
Fiscal union is the integration of the fiscal policy of nations or states. Under fiscal union, decisions about the collection and expenditure of taxes are taken by common institutions shared by the participating governments. For example: in federal nations such as the United States, fiscal policy is determined to a large extent by the central government which is empowered to raise taxes, borrow and spend. This aspect of European Union is being promoted as a cure for the current financial instability within the EU/UM.
I know that many will argue that Dan 7:6 leopard is a metaphorical representation of Greece. But that would mean God is using two completely different beasts to represent the same nation in the linked visions of Dan 7:6 and Dan 8:5
Why do I say those visions are linked? In chapter 8:26 the angel Gabriel links the chapter 7 vision with that of chapter 8 when he says: “And the vision of the evening and morning that was told is true.” Chapter seven being the evening vision, and chapter eight, the morning vision.
Some Bible translators have allowed their preconceived ideas to influence their translation of what the angel said in chapter 8:26. They have changed the words “evening and morning” to a plural “evenings and mornings” in order to limit his explanation to dealing with only Dan 8:13-14. But if we look to Strong’s Concordance, we see the words ‘e·reḇ and bō·qer are used, which in every other occurrence are translated ‘evening and morning’.
What the angel is explaining to Daniel from verse 16 onward is clearly the meaning of the whole vision that Daniel tells us in verse one; is the second given to him after that recorded in chapter seven.
Dan 8:13-14 isn’t a separate and distinct vision. It’s part of the whole vision that makes up most of chapter 8.
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The Muslim Antichrist.
Since authors Joe VanKoevering, Phillip Goodman, Joel Richardson, and Walid Shoebat published their books proclaiming the Antichrist will be a Muslim of Middle Eastern birth there has been a bunch of prophecy commentators lining up to debunk their ideas.
The tone of those rebuttals has ranged from scholarly and thoughtful to unnecessarily hostile. At least one of those I read some time ago was shrill, and damaging to the body of Christ. Whilst reading it I was reminded of the words of an old Pastor I once new: “When you point a finger in accusation, there are always three pointing back at you!”
Never were those words truer than in the case of this person who, during his attack on Joel Richardson, turned a debate over issues that have little or nothing to do with the gospel of salvation, into something reminiscent of the Inquisition, accusing Joel of heresy. And in this shameful display of ego driven claims to interpretive superiority, he planted his root of bitterness.
So where does my old Pastor’s warning about pointing fingers come in? Well, let me quote Joel Richardson’s accuser:
“Daniel has specifically identified that Antichrist will not come from the eastern leg of the Roman Empire as has been erroneously interpreted and propagated by Richardson, Shoebat, and others. As stated above, the word of God itself provides us the proof through specific symbolism.
The basic reference is Daniel 7, reinforcing both Daniel 2 & 5, and the symbolic descriptions of the GENTILE kingdoms of his day, and those that would follow.
The LION which had the wings of an eagle that were torn off, and then which was stood up like a man was the Babylonian Empire.
The BEAR with three ribs in its mouth (representing the future Persian conquests of Lydia (western Turkey) Babylon and Egypt) was the Medo-Persian Empire.
The LEOPARD with four wings and four heads that was given authority to rule over all kingdoms that had come before it, was without question the Macedonian/Greek Empire of Alexander The Great, and the division of his empire into four lesser empires after his death (the horns and little horns play a critical roles (sic) in the overall interpretation of the history of gentile empires in the future years to our present day);
And finally the fourth beast was what we all know to be Rome – (and here it is not the two legs which are all important, but rather it is the ten toes of iron and clay).”(End quote)
If you haven’t read my article – ‘Daniel’s Seal Broken: The beasts Arise’, here’s a link:
You will see that those first three beasts can’t be Babylon, Medo-Persia, and the Macedonian/Greek Empires because Daniel 7:17 says they are kings that shall arise (future tense) out of the earth. Babylon had long since done its arising by the time the angel spoke those words, so the Babylonian Empire was not being referred to, and for that reason the next two were not the Medo-Persian and Macedonian/Greek Empires.
Further proof of this fact is provided by Daniel 8:26, where the angel links the two visions of chapter 7 and 8 together when he says, “the vision of the evening and the morning which was told is true.” (The chapter 7 vision given to Daniel during the evening, and the chapter 8 vision during the morning. Medo-Persia and the Macedonian/Greek Empires are symbolized by a ram and a goat in chapter 8. Why would God use two completely different beasts to represent the same empires in visions that are linked together in the same book?
The answer to that question is he didn’t!
Some Bible translators have allowed their preconceived ideas to influence their translation of what the angel said in chapter 8:26. They have changed the words “evening and morning” to a plural “evenings and mornings” in order to limit his explanation to dealing with only verses 13 and 14. But what the angel is explaining to Daniel from verse 16 onward is clearly the meaning of the whole vision that Daniel tells us in verse 1 is the second given to him after that recorded in chapter seven.
Joel also uses the Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Macedonian/Greek interpretation to underpin his theories. He is just as wrong in his interpretation as the man accusing him of heresy. But Joel doesn’t have three fingers pointing back at him!
Another detractor used a commonly agreed upon interpretation of Revelation 17:10-11 in his far less brutal, but never-the-less, unnecessarily harsh rebuttal. I quote:
“The same problem occurs when you consider Revelation 17:10-11. In this passage the Apostle John is told that there are seven kings or empires to be considered in world history and that “five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, it must remain for a little while. And the beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth, and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction.
At that point in history, the five fallen would have been Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece. The one existing would have been the Roman. The one to come would be the revival of the Roman, out of which the eighth and final empire, the worldwide kingdom of the Antichrist would arise.
If you insert the Ottoman Empire into this list, where does it fit? If it is the seventh, then its revival would be the eighth, and there is no place left for the final worldwide empire of the Antichrist. I suspect this is the reason that Richardson insists that the revival of the Ottoman Empire will be the final empire out of which the Antichrist will arise, and that it will not develop into a worldwide empire, as both Islamic and biblical prophesies specify. There just are not enough empires mentioned in Revelation 17 to include the Ottoman Empire, its resurrection, and its evolution into the final worldwide empire of the Antichrist.
Another problem with Richardson’s Ottoman Empire thesis is that he completely ignores the prophecy in Daniel 9:26 that says the Antichrist will arise out of the people who will destroy the Jewish Temple. It was the Romans who destroyed the Temple in 70 A.D. and it is from the Romans that the Antichrist must come. To me, it is just incredible that Richardson would totally ignore this prophecy.” (End quote)
I too would find it incredible if Richardson’s Ottoman Empire thesis ignored Daniel 9:26. My understanding is that it doesn’t. What it does is claim the destruction of the Temple was done by a group of people of Middle Eastern origin.
But what is incredible is that both Richardson and the man rebutting his thesis ignore Revelation 1:19 “Write the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter.” All those “things” are either present or future tense. Also, Revelation 4:1, which states clearly that what John is about to be shown are “things that must be hereafter.” That word “hereafter” is again future tense, which means everything he is shown (with the exception of chapter twelve’s depiction of Jesus Christ’s birth and ascension, that falls into the category of “things which are”) takes place some time future to John’s experience on the Isle of Patmos. And that depiction of Christ’s birth and ascension is given in context of describing the Tribulation: another future event. So Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece are definitely not represented in John’s vision.
Do I think Joel and company have got it completely wrong? No! I think they may be confusing clues that identify the beast of Rev 13:11-18 (The False Prophet) with those that identify the Antichrist.
So the moral to the story is, by all means debate and disagree. But don’t go haranguing your brother for something you may be equally wrong about. Never forget, we all see through a glass darkly!
Now, here’s my take on Revelation 17:
After the words of Revelation 4:1 were spoken John is being shown the future. The beast of Revelation 17 is a symbolic depiction of an empire and its kings that begins at the point in time when the sixth king is reigning.
The seven heads have dual meanings. They are the seven mountains (some translations say hills) on which the woman sits. The woman represents the apostate Church of Rome that has turned away from the one true God to a panthion of demigod-saints, and changed the human mother of Jesus Christ into a goddess queen of heaven. Her headquarters is with the city of Rome that sits on seven hills. Don’t be misled by them creating Vatican city to cast a shadow over this prophecy. Biblical prophecy uses original names for peoples and places.
The seven kings are those of the Holy Roman Empire. But not just any of those kings. They are only those linked by a bloodline to the Greek Seleucid dynasty that produced the little horn, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the prototype Antichrist. They also share a common first name. The eighth king with that first name, will have a full name that equates to the number 666.
“This requires wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, because the number is that of a man, and his number is six hundred and sixty-six”. [Revelation 13:18]
Onomastics (also known as onomatology) is the study of names and their origins. According to this science, the name Charles means man. In fact Charles and man are interchangeable. It can also refer to attributes of the man, like stout. Recall Daniel’s description of the horn in Dan 7:20. So Revelation 13:18 could be interpreted as saying: This requires wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, because the number is that of a Charles, and his number is six hundred and sixty-six.
An expanded meaning of the name Charles is free man. This could be what is referred to in Revelation 13:1 as “the name of blasphemy“. And in II Thessalonians 2:3 as “The man of lawlessness“. These kings declaring by their name to be under no higher authority than themselves.
That explanation fits well with Nebuchadnezzar’s dream image of Daniel chapter two, that depicted a decline in ruling power, from Nebuchadnezzar’s absolute dictatorship, to subsequent empires in which the king’s power was subject to the law. Like Nebuchadnezzar, the Antichrist man will not be governed by the law of the empire he rules over.
Revelation 17:10 tells us five of the kings are fallen. Charles V, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire was the one spoken of here as the fifth fallen king. His significance, apart from his name, is that he was the last king to be crowned Holy Roman Emperor by a Pope. He also ruled over an empire that actually was worldwide (though not the whole earth). Subsequent emperors were not crowned by a Pope. Charles V reign from 1519 to 1556AD also coincided with the Protestant Reformation. A major blow to the Church of Rome and the Holy Roman Empire. And another reason why the prophecy begins with a reference to him.
The previous four kings were:
Charles IV (H.R.E) 1346/1349 – 1355AD. (Elected twice)
Charles III (The Fat) 881 – 888AD.
Charles II (The Bald) 875 – 877AD.
Charles I (Charlemagne) 800 – 814AD.
I believe it was the Reformation, which split the Roman Catholic Church and the empire/beast on which it rides that is the mortal wound to one of the beast’s seven heads. This split resulted in numerous wars. In 1534 the English Parliament passed The Act of Supremacy that separated England from the Catholic Church and Papal authority. It declared King Henry VIII to be the supreme head on earth of the Church of England. And that the English Crown shall enjoy “all honours, dignities, preeminences, jurisdictions, privileges, authorities, immunities, profits, and commodities to the said dignity”. What we see in that Act is the king and his successors assuming the roll of high priest. A thing that God forbade kings to do.
That wound was (metaphorically speaking) to the head of Charles VI. (“one is”) He was the first from that bloodline to ascend the throne of the Holy Roman Empire whom the Church of Rome did not crown. He reigned during a time when the Reformation wound was killing the beast. His reign also coincided with the beginning of Britain’s rise as a world empire. These were the significant issues during his reign that caused the Revelation to focus on him as the king at the point in time when the vision begins.
Those who espouse the idea that it will be a literal mortal wound to the head of the Antichrist man, who will then be raised from the dead by the power of Satan, are not basing that on any scriptural evidence of Satan possessing the power to raise the dead. Nor can they reconcile that idea with Hebrews 9:27 “And it is appointed for men to die once, and after this the judgment.”
Some say that Satan will possess and reanimate him like some sort of zombie. They haven’t paid close enough attention to Revelation 16:13 that says: “I saw three unclean spirits, like frogs, come out of the mouth of the dragon, and the mouth of the beast, and the mouth of the false prophet”. Satan a.k.a the dragon is seen there to be a separate entity from the beast/Antichrist, so he can’t also possess him.
The fact that none of the Bible translations support a literal mortal wound, begs the question why that idea ever became popular. They use the words “as it were wounded to death” or “appeared to be fatally wounded” or “seemed to have had a fatal wound” etc. If the writer wanted us to understand him to mean the man is dead, why wouldn’t he simply say so?
Some insist that Zechariah 11:17 is confirmation of him being mortally wounded. That is clearly not the case. The passage says: “Woe to the idol shepherd who leaves the flock. A sword shall strike his arm, and his right eye. His arm shall be withered, and his right eye shall be utterly blinded.” There is absolutely no justification for claiming that passage to mean the idol shepherd is mortally wounded (killed).
Charles VII (“the other has not yet come. And when he comes, he must remain a short time.”) Reigned from 1742 to only 1745AD, and for most of that short reign he lived in exile, his territories having been invaded by the Austrians. He managed to win back Munich in October 1744AD, but died three months later. He was the last king with the name Charles to reign as emperor. The Holy Roman Empire finally succumbed to its wound in 1806AD as a result of the Napoleonic wars. We now watch as it is revived, and await the Emperor Charles VIII.
The throne of the Holy Roman Empire was not automatically passed from father to son. The emperor was elected to the throne by the various Prince Electors who were members of the Electoral College of The Holy Roman Empire. That at first having the function of electing the King of the Romans. Later, from the middle 16th century onwards, they directly elected the Holy Roman Emperor.
There were a few changes to the composition of that Electoral College during the centuries since its formation. It began with seven princes, increased to nine, then dropped to six. But in 1803 electorates were created for the Duke of Württemberg, the Margrave of Baden, the Ladgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and the Duke of Salzburg, bringing the total number of prince electors to ten. None of these ten electors had oportunity to cast votes because the Holy Roman Empire was abolished in 1806.
“And the ten horns that you saw are ten kings, who have not yet received a kingdom, but will receive power as kings one hour with the beast.” [Revelation 17:12]
If the European Union decided to recreate the title of Emperor. Would they be able to recreate the traditional Electoral College necessary for his election? Do the necessary royal households exist within its boundaries? The answer to both those questions is yes.
Britain Queen Elizabeth II
Belgium King Philippe
Denmark Queen Margrethe II
Liechtenstein Prince Hans-Adam II
Luxembourg Henri, Grand Duke
Monaco Prince Albert II
Netherlands King Willem-Alexander
Norway King Harald V
Spain King Juan Carlos I
Sweden King Carl XVI Gustaf
If you think the EU would never abandon democracy in favour of autocracy, I’m sure there were many who thought that same way back in the days when Rome was still a republic.
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by Phil Mayo
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